HISTORY ABOUT JAMU
Herbal medicine in Indonesia is known as Jamu
What is Jamu
Jamu is the unique herbal remedies from Indonesia, and was used as a potent to cure anything depend on the herbs effectivity and this knowledge of Jamu is being used for many centuries in Indonesia, until today.
The name of 'Jamu'
Javanese use the name "Jamu" for herbal remedies; remedies that do not use synthetic chemical additives. Jamu has a traditional connotation because Jamu is from an ancient tradition on Java that existed long before modern pharmacology came to Indonesia. In Jamu some formulas are hundreds years old and are still in use today.
The 'Dukun' or 'tabib' (the name of our traditional doctor /natural doctor) used this tradition as it was used in the ancient era. Then, as now, the Jamu tradition is popular among the common people. Today almost 80% of Indonesian people use the Jamu tradition. For the Indonesian people, Jamu is as popular as milk is popular in the west.
History of Jamu
The origin of Jamu is obscure. No one really knows its source. However, popular stories link Jamu to the seventeenth century Mataram Hindu Empire. There ladies of the palace, preoccupied with keeping themselves young and beautiful for their husband, undertook the preparation of Jamu and herbal cosmetics. Madhawapura's Inscription from Majapahit Empire tells us about 'Jamu maker ' that called as 'Acaraki'
Indonesian traditional Herbal Medicine
(Known as Jamu) are ussualy forms in pills and powder.
Powder form ussualy dissolved in water to consume.
And they drink tea or just pure water to eliminate bitter
taste after had the jamu.
Advantage of Jamu
There are many varieties of Jamu formulas. They covers all human healthy problems. The 'Cabe puyeng' formula is able to cure rheumatics, 'gula asem' cures vitamin C deficiency, 'beras kencur' is for refreshing the body and curing fatique; 'daun papaya' cures malaria; 'sawanan' refreshes the blood. All of these traditional formulas are well known in Indonesia.
Jamu is not used for medicine only. For instance, 'Galian Singset' formula is suitable for body slimming. Other jamu formulas are for skin whitening, hair treatment, body smell refreshments, etc. Jamu has also been used as daily supplement to improve ones feeling of power and spirit for life, thereby assuring matrimonial happiness.
Jamu Processing (How to make Jamu)
The traditional methods of making jamu such as by boiling the prepared herbal ingredients (jamu godok) still prevail in Javanese society. The popular traditional tools of making jamu are still available in many Javanese houses such as; Lumpang (small iron Mortar), pipisan, parut (grater), kuali (clay pot), etc.
What kind of disease could jamu cure?
The reply is almost every disease, jamu could cure. There are various kinds of jamu to combat different kind of illness. In Principle there are two types of jamu; the first is jamu to maintain physical fitness and health, the locally popular are Galian Singset (to keep women body fit and slim) and Sehat Lelaki (to keep men body healthy). The second is jamu to cure various kinds of illness, example Java Herbal Pill is made for HIV.
Except the above, there are special jamu created with the purpose to maintain a loving family harmony. The popular products among other are Sari Rapet , which makes a women sexual organ in a good condition, as for the man the matched product is jamu Kuat Lekaki (strong man). The Javanese are also taking a great care to pregnant women during pre and postnatal period by producing the related jamu. There are also jamu for the babies .
The Herbs for Jamu
There are hundreds of herbs for jamu prescriptions, among other are:
||Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)
Lempuyang (Zingiber Oronaticum)
Temu Lawak/ Wild Ginger (Curcuma Cautkeridza)
Kunyit/ Tumeric (Curcuma Domestica)
Kencur/ Greater Galingale (Kaemferi Galanga)
Lengkuas/ Ginger Plant (Elpina Galanga)
Bengle (Zingiber Bevifalium)
||Secang (Caesalpinia Sappan Hinn)
Sambang Dara (Rexco Ecaria Bicolar Hassk)
Brotowali (Tiospora Rumpii Boerl)
Adas (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill)
||Jeruk Nipis/ Calamondin (Citrae Aurantifalia Sivingle)
Ceplukan (Physalic Angulata Him)
Nyamplung (Calophylum Inaphyllu)
||Kayu Manis/ Cinamon (Gijeyzahyza Glabra)
||Melati/ Yasmin (Jataninum Sunbac Ait)
Rumput Alang-alang (Gramineae)
It is worth to note that some jamu factories in Java are exporting its products. Besides the export of ready made jamu, 25 kinds of herbal plants and ingredients are also in the list of export to Europe, Australia, USA, Japan, etc.
No Side Effects
The people like to consume jamu due to :
Back To Nature
- Availability in many places
- Comparatively cheap price
- No side effects
'Back to nature' is not merely a slogan in Java and Indonesia. The visible proof is the use of traditional herbal medicine of various type of 'medical plants', either from the leaves, the fruits, the roots, the flowers or the barks, etc.
These herbal medicine had been used since the ancient time up to now, it is largely consumed by people of different level; lower, middle and upper, in the villages and in the big cities.
The study of jamu had been conducted by Rumphius , a botanist as early as the year 1775 AD by publishing a book 'Herbaria Amboinesis' . A scientific research for jamu by the research center of herbal medicine in Bogor Botanical Garden, resulting a publication of a book 'Medical Book for Children and Adults' , composed by E. Van Bent .
The first seminar about jamu has been held in Solo in 1940, followed by a Formation of Indonesia's Jamu Committee in 1944. In the 1966, a seminar on jamu was held again. In 1981, a book by title of 'The use of Medical Plants' was established to support the jamu industry in the country.
The method of using the jamu remains the same as the ancestors did. Some are consumed by drinking it and some are for outside application.
At present one could buy easily ready made jamu packed modernly in the form of powder, pills, capsules, drinking liquid and ointments. Of course there are still jamu shops, which sell only ingredients or prepare the jamu on spot as required by buyers. Some women are roaming the street to sell jamu, is a common view across the country.